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Aperam S.A. is a Belgian-French company,[1] listed on the Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris, Madrid and Luxembourg stock exchanges and with facilities in Brazil, Belgium and France, which concentrates on the production of stainless steel and speciality steel. It was spun out of ArcelorMittal at the start of 2011; the facilities that became Aperam had about 27% by turnover of the stainless-steel market as of 2009.[2] The Brazilian facility uses charcoal from a series of eucalyptus forests owned and managed by the group[3] rather than coking coal to reduce the material; the European facilities use electric-arc furnaces fed with scrap. The use of charcoal reduces the CO2 footprint of the facility


Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) is a central public sector undertaking based in New Delhi, India. It is under the ownership of the Ministry of Steel, Government of India with an annual turnover of ₹105,398 crore (US$13 billion) for the fiscal year 2022-23. Incorporated on 24 January 1973, SAIL has 59,350 employees (as of 1 March 2023). With an annual production of 18.29 million metric tons,[3] It is the largest government owned steel producer.[4] The hot metal production capacity of the company will further increase and is expected to reach a level of 50 million tonnes per annum by 2025.[5]


POSCO (formerly Pohang Iron and Steel Company) is a South Korean steel-making company headquartered in Pohang, South Korea. It had an output of 42,000,000 metric tons (41,000,000 long tons; 46,000,000 short tons) of crude steel in 2015, making it the world's sixth-largest steelmaker by this measure.[2] In 2010, it was the world's largest steel manufacturing company by market value.[3] Also, in 2012, it was named as the world's 146th-largest corporation by the Fortune Global 500.[4]


Outokumpu has been considered the number one expert in minerals. Whenever a mineral ore was found in Finland, Outokumpu was asked to investigate if it would be viable for production. If there was no established method of producing it, we developed one. This expertise is still in the core of our business. Today, we are the global leader in stainless steel.


Jindal Stainless Limited is an Indian stainless steel maker headquartered in New Delhi. It is a part of OP Jindal group. The firm has a melt capacity of 2.9 million tonnes per annum which makes it the largest stainless steel producer of India. Incorporated in 1970, it ranks among the top 5 stainless steel makers of the world.

Jindal Stainless has two stainless steel manufacturing complexes in India, in the states of Haryana and Odisha and one overseas manufacturing unit in Indonesia. It has 14 global offices across the world.